Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and affects millions of Americans. Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, although the reason why is unknown. The most common reason for arthritis is genetics. Osteoarthritis is caused by damage or wearing down of the protective layer of cartilage in the joint. The cartilage helps the bones of the joint to glide or move effortlessly against each other. When osteoarthritis affects the joint, the result can be painful, debilitating friction from bone on bone contact.
Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint in the body, but is most common in the joints of the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Symptoms, which often grow worse with time, can be any of the following:
- Feeling or hearing grating sounds coming from the joint during movement
- Tenderness when pressure is applied to affected area
- Stiffness in the joint after inactivity
- Pain during and after movement
- Loss of flexibility in the joint
- Morning stiffness
Testing for osteoarthritis includes:
- X-ray, CT, MRI
- Blood tests
- Physical examination
Treatment options may include:
- Physical or occupational therapy
- Injection of pain medicine in the effected joint
If you or a loved one is suffering from osteoarthritis, the physicians at Cedar Hill Pain and Rehab can help determine the cause and find a treatment plan that works for you and improves your quality of life.